The Rashtriya Panchang is being published by the Positional Astronomy Centre since 1879 Saka Era (1957-58 A.D.). This is being done with the objective of unifying the divergent practices of calendar systems existing in different parts of the country and also to promote panchang calculations on a modern scientific basis. The Rashtriya Panchang is being published in the following Indian languages besides Hindi and English: Assamese, Bengali, Gujarati, Kannada, Malayalam, Marathi, Oriya, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Tamil, Telugu and Urdu.
The timings of sunrise, sunset, moonrise and moonset for 4 metropolitan cities of India, tithis, nakshatras, yogas and transits of the sun, Moon and planets into Nirayana Rasis and nakshatras, Nirayana longitudes of the Sun, Moon and Planets are calculated accurately with computer and are based on modern scientific principles.The numerical calculations for important items have been explained for the benefit of the users. A calendric table giving Julian date, Kali Ahargana, Moon's age and phases have been included for each day of the year and the principal festivals and anniversaries are also given.
This publication serves as the standardized Panchang for the country and it is useful as source material for calendric data.
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